Hope's Modern World History Blog

Monday, May 08, 2006

Cold War Project - Leaders

Joseph Stalin (USSR)
- dictator of USSR (1929-1953)
- conquered countries and made them communism
- in Korean war, supported the North Korean that invaded South Korea .


Nikita Khrushchev (USSR)
- Launched Sputnik I
- Sent Yuri Gagarin to space
- Installed missiles in Cuba


Mikhail Gorbachev (USSR)
- changed dictatorship to democracy in Soviet Union
- improved economy
- ended the Cold War


Harry Truman (USA)
- Founded NATO and UN
- Part of the reason way Korean War started
- Was againsts communism


Dwight Eisenhower (USA)
- Ended Korean War by threatening about nuclear usage
- Contributed to Cold War (sent troops to fight)
- Was a mojor commander during WWII


John F. Kennedy (USA)
- Supported Vietnam War
- Allowed the Bay of Pigs invasion
- Was assassinated in 1963


Lyndon Johnson (USA)
- Supported Vietnam War
- Developed economy by War on Poverty policy
- Began the negotiation in the Vietnam War


Richard Nixon (USA)
- Ended the Vietnam War
- First man on the moon, 1969
- Was the first US President to visit "Red" China


Ronald Reagan (USA)
- Improved USA's economy
- Used confrontation of the Soviet Union instead of containment
- Increased arms race


Fidel Castro (Cuba)
- Change Cuba into a communist country
- Failed the Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba in 1961
- Was a huge part of the Cuban Missile Crisis


Ho Chi Minh (Vietnam)
- Established communist control in Vietnam
- Led the Vietnam and won fight with the French and Japanese
- Force the emperor to abdicate at that time


Mao Zedong (China)
- Change China into a communist state
- Improved economy and education
- Co-founded the Red Army


Among all these famous leaders, I admire Mikhail Gorbachev the most. It seems to me that he is a very good leader because he understood the problems that USSR was facing and solved it, instead of making further problems that drove them closer to war like the other leaders. He also understood the unhappy living conditions of his people and at last changed dictatorship into a democracy. His understandings also led to the closing of the long Cold War of the 20th Century.


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